IELTS Writing Task 2 
Causes and Effects: Sample Answer


This question type is very similar to causes and solutions and requires you to identify causes or reasons of an issue or problem and discuss the effects it has. The topics are usually social and nothing controversial.

The wording of the questions can vary. For example....


“What do you think are the reasons for this?”  “Why is this happening?”


“What are the consequences of this trend?”  “How does this affect the country?”


Paragraph 1: Paraphrase the statement.

Include your thesis statement.

"This essay will discuss both the reasons for this trend and the resulting issues that effect society."


Paragraph 2: Causes - 1, maximum 2 causes. Begin with a topic sentence. Include supporting details - knowledge, examples and experience.

Paragraph 3: Effects - 1, maximum effects. Begin with a topic sentence. Include supporting details - knowledge, examples and experience.

Paragraph 4: Conclusion. Restate (paraphrase) the main cause and effect from the body paragraphs. NO new information or supporting details from your body paragraphs. 

Sample Answer


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic


An increasing number of professional, such as teachers and doctors are leaving their own poorer countries to work in developed countries.

What are the reasons for this trend? What effect does it have on the countries professionals are leaving? 


Give reasons for your answers and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Nowadays, professionals from developing countries have a tendency to emigrate to richer countries to find employment. This essay will discuss both the causes of this phenomenon and the issues that affect the nations they are leaving. 

The primary reasons skilled employees from emerging nations seek work in more developed countries are a higher standard of living along with professional development. For instance, the average monthly salary for a white-collar worker, such as a teacher, in a developing country pales in comparison to their counterparts in so-called first world nations even though they perform identical duties and responsibilities. Additionally, outdated facilities and equipment in poor states hampers the ability of professionals such as doctors to practice contemporary medicine and improve their skills.      

The effect this trend has on developing countries is invariably negative, particularly with regards to the nation’s social and economic development. According to Scientific American magazine, every year, more than 4,000 foreign graduates of international medical schools come to the United States for a residency program and very few return home to take up employment in their native countries. This brain drain denies countries the talents of their brightest and best and limits a country’s ability to progress as they are continuously faced with the challenge of retaining the most able professionals.

In conclusion, a comfortable material lifestyle coupled with the opportunity to advance one’s career are the main reasons why professionals migrate to richer countries. The countries they leave behind struggle to find suitably qualified replacements and thus suffer from social and economic stagnation.


256 words

Sample: Causes and Effects. PDF