IELTS Academic Writing Task 1
Industrial (Manufacturing) Process
Watch the video on how to describe a manufacturing process.
For processes, include the number of steps, and where the it starts and finishes. You can additionally include, for industrial processes, the type of machinery used.
For processes, every step or stage is a main feature and you need to include all of them in your description. Paraphrase the labelled steps in the diagram and it is usually not relevant to include comparisons. You should use cohesive devices to describe sequence and addition.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagram below shows the production and processing of milk for commercial sale.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words
Depicted in the flow chart is the procedure for producing milk and associated products. Overall, there are several stages commencing with cows grazing on grass and finishing with the product being converted into various dairy produce and placed on sale at retail outlets.
After cows have eaten grass, they are milked using a mechanical milking machine two times every day and once this is completed, the milk is stored in refrigerated containers. In the next stage, it is transported to a dairy by a specially designed lorry on a daily basis.
Once at the dairy, the milk is stored in tanks before it is either turned into dairy products such as butter, cheese or cream or, alternatively, it is moved on to the pasteurization stage. After the milk is pasteurized, it is then divided into containers, such as plastic bottles, that are transported to supermarkets and shops where they are sold to consumers.