IELTS Academic Writing Task 1
Dynamic Charts (Past to Future)
For diagrams with trends, you should describe the overall trend in each category from start to finish. Don’t include any data (numbers) because you will do this when describing the main features.
When describing trends, the main features are the greatest increases and decreases followed by the second greatest ones. Another main feature is when the trend remained constant.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below gives information from a 2008 report about consumption of energy in the USA since 1980 with projections until 2030.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words
Illustrated in the line graph is how the US has consumed fuel from 1980 until the present day including estimations on future trends. Overall, there has been an increase in every category until today, which is expected to continue with the exception of hydropower.
Petrol and Oil use fluctuated between 1980 and 1996 but then rose considerably up to today’s total of about 40 quadrillion units furthermore, it is predicted to increase to approximately 50 quadrillion units by 2030. Natural Gas similarly fluctuated from 20 to about 23 units from 1980 until 2013 however, since then it has plateaued and is forecast to remain constant at 23 units until 2030.
Coal use has risen steadily and is expected to continue growing up to 30 quadrillion units by 2030. In contrast, a slight increase was witnessed in the growth of nuclear energy and Solar/Wind and they are estimated to reach 6 and 4 quadrillion units respectively by 2030. Even though the rate of Hydropower varied from 1980 to approximately 2013, ranging from 4 to 3 units, the rate remained constant until today and is projected to remain unchanged until 2030.