IELTS Academic Writing Task 1
Dynamic Charts (Past)
Watch the video on how to describe Dynamic Charts - Describing Trends
For diagrams with trends, you should describe the overall trend in each category from start to finish. Don’t include any data (numbers) because you will do this when describing the main features.
When describing trends, the main features are the greatest increases and decreases followed by the second greatest ones. Another main feature is when the trend remained constant.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The rates for 3 different types of crime, from 2003 to 2012, are depicted in the line graph. Overall, there was a decrease in 2 categories, burglary and car theft, while the rate for robbery remained unchanged.
After an initial increase from roughly 3400 to 3800, from 2003 to 2004, there was a significant decline in the burglary rate from 2004 until 2008 from nearly 3700 incidents to 1100. After this dramatic drop, the rate fluctuated from 2008 to 2012 and finished at approximately 1400 incidents in 2012.
In comparison, the robbery rate witnessed a steady fall in numbers from 900 to 500 incidents over a 3-year period beginning in 2005 and ending in 2008. Additionally, there was a sharp decrease in the car theft rate in one year from 2005 to 2006, dropping by approximately 1700 incidents, from 2700 to 2000. Subsequently, the number of thefts varied until 2012 with the last recorded number being roughly 2600.